Google, Facebook and Microsoft signed the "Network Treaty"

David Kemp

Tim Berners-Lee, programmer from the UK, who is the creator of the Internet, invited companies, government authorities and regular people to support the “Network Treaty”. It is a list of principles that will help to make the Internet more open and secure.

Berners-Lee's plan and its features

In line with the programmer's initiative, government authorities and business organizations should provide the public with an access to the Internet and ensure privacy of their personal information.

The Web users should themselves create a strong community that would respect other Internet users, increase public awareness regarding dangers and oppose to World Wide Web into becoming an instrument of state influence. 

The Internet creator noted: "The agreement is a plan to build a strong network. However, it will not be signed unless these commitments are accepted by the community". The proposal was approved by 150 companies, including major corporations of the United States: Facebook, Google, Microsoft, authorities of Germany, France and Ghana.

The development of the agreement was carried out by experts from the World Wide Web Foundation, which took them 1 year. Once every party informs they are ready to follow the standards offered, the experts will continue their work. Read the article "Regulation of cryptocurrency in the USA". It will help you get acquainted with the laws regulating digital money usage in America.

Freedom House company has analyzed Internet freedom in the post-Soviet counties. Let us check the results in detail.

Internet freedom in Ukraine and Belarus is greater than in Russia

Post-Soviet countries face particular difficulties with Internet freedom. This is clearly confirmed by the Freedom House agency, which has compiled a corresponding rating.

The study was called "Freedom on the Internet", it was attended by 65 countries, they account for 87% of all those who access the World Wide Web.

In each state, experts evaluated the difficulties in accessing the Web, violation of user rights and blocking content. Countries with high scores have high freedom on the Web.

The states with the most non-free Network are China (10 points), Iran (15 b), Syria (17 b), Cuba (22 b), Vietnam (24 b), Sudan and Saudi Arabia (25 b). In the post-Soviet space, the Russian Federation is the anti-leader with 31 points, Belarus with 35 points, Kazakhstan with 32 points and Azerbaijan with 39 points.

Kyrgyzstan and Ukraine scored 61 and 56 points respectively. They are "partially free". Armenia and Georgia scored the highest, with over 75 points.

Countries that scored more than 76 points were the leaders of the study. Iceland is in the first place. Next come Estonia, Canada, Germany, Australia, Britain, the United States and France.

Comments on the results obtained

Freedom House analysts noted: "Russia and China, which are authoritarian countries, have made a lot of efforts to restrict the ability of technological development to influence expansion rights of the individual. The key public media platforms are mainly in the US".

The number of deterioration in the Network's freedom ranking has been above the improvements for 9 years now. Since last summer, 33 out of 65 states, in which researches were conducted, experience negative tendencies in the field of World Wide Web freedom. China has been violating the freedom of Internet users for 4 years already.

The study found that in at least 40 States out of 65 surveyed, governments used the best surveillance programmes of social networks. In 47 countries, arrests were made for speaking out about problems in society, politics and religion on the Internet. Citizens were physically assaulted for acting on the Web in at least 31 States.

Analysts reported that the popularity of complete blocking by the authorities sees a dramatic increase. Social networks and communication applications have been blocked in more than 20 States, while 17 states have paused the activities of telecommunication networks. Such situation has often taken place before elections or during strikes and riots.

Isolation of runet is a reality for Russia

On November 1, the law "On the isolation of Runet" came into force in the Russian Federation. According to the new rules, Roskomnadzor may start monitoring Internet traffic in Russia if certain threats appear. The change in the legislation is aimed at ensuring that the Russian segment of the Network will continue stable functioning in case of coordinated attacks or disconnection from the World Wide Web.

The law requires forming a national network traffic routing system which is closed in the state. To implement the legislative requirements, providers must use equipment with deep traffic filtering.

Once potential threats appear (their list is not disclosed), centralized management of the Network traffic goes into action. Communication Network Monitoring and Management Center will carry out the control in the field. The organization will collect information about the infrastructure and available IP addresses of companies, compile a list of traffic exchange points and, if necessary, change traffic routing.

A number of leading governments and companies have already agreed to make the Internet more open and secure. Who else will join this initiative? We will see. Stay with our crypto portal and you will always be aware of the latest news in blockchain technology.