Coronavirus COVID-19

07 Apr, 2020 Colin Baseman

Secretive coronavirus is a transmittable disease. This means that it may be spread directly or indirectly from one person to another.

What are the symptoms of COVID-19?

The infection affects your upper respiratory tract (nose, lungs, throat). The main warning sign is a dry cough, an increased temperature (above 38 degrees), shortness of breath and chest pressure.

Almost 80% of infected individuals have slight symptoms and recover after 2 weeks. Most conditions can be cured with timely medicinal care.

Pay attention to symptoms

 Testified sicknesses have a wide range from slight indications to severe ailment and even passing away for confirmed 2019 (COVID-19) cases.

Almost 80% of individuals do not have noticeable symptoms and recover after 2 weeks. Most conditions can be cured with timely medical attention.

The incubation period ranges from one day to two weeks and is usually around five days.

The collective symptoms that can be felt within 2 to 14 days once being infected 

  • Painful Cough
  • Fever
  • Difficulty in breathing 

When is Medical Care required?

Get condition checkup straight away if you notice caution symptoms for the disease. The warning indicators comprise:

  • Loss of concentration or incapability to awaken
  •  Difficulty in breathing
  • Heaviness in the chest or continuous aching
  • Face color or lips with the blue hue

*This isn’t a complete list of conditions. If you suffer one or a few of these signs, then do not hesitate to consult your doctor or GP.

Who is at maximum risk?

 Coronavirus is a new virus and there is limited data concerning factors of risk for fatal sickness. In line with medical expertise and presently accessible statistics, elder adults along with entities of any age group who have severe original healthiness conditions have a greater risk to have a more dangerous form of infection from coronavirus.

Who gets sick more often?

According to statistics, older individuals, and persons with specific health conditions: high blood pressure, cardiovascular diseases, lung diseases, cancer, and diabetes, are highly exposed to developing more serious complications. Men are infected more often than women are. The death rate varies between 2-3%.

Only 2% of those infected were under the age of 18. Although children and healthy adults deal with the disease more easily, they can still be a source of contamination for the individuals in the risk group. That is why quarantine measures are applicable to both adults and children. Another risk group is pregnant women. They need to be observed since they are also exposed to infection.

Other cases, which place an individual in a risk group, include organ transplantation, cancer treatment, immune deficiencies, smoking, HIV cases, prolonged use of corticosteroids, and other drugs that weaken the immune system.

In any case, global citizens of any age group on all five continents, living in different climatic conditions, get infected.

What is social distancing?

How is it possible to get infected?

  • Via close interaction with an infected individual;
  • From touching the contaminated personal items or surfaces;
  • Through nose or mouth, via the eyes, and through drops from sneezing or else coughing.

The infection is not transmitted via food. Animals do not transmit it, along with mosquito bites. A novel threat is a respiratory infection that is largely transmitted by airborne droplets, namely, because of breathing in droplets released from the patient's lung, for instance, when sneezing and coughing, along with nasal secretions or drops of saliva.

How to protect my family and me?

The most effective way to evade being infected is to limit exposure to this illness.

There is no 100% guarantee, since the illness has not been studied, and no medical drugs have been developed specifically for the coronavirus treatment in the world. Nevertheless, you may follow these basic precautions: 

  1. Avoid visiting any public places, self-isolate. In China, this was called the main preventive measure.
  2. If you are infected, wear a facemask when you are among the people. You do not have to wear a facemask if you are NOT sick.
  3. Frequently wash the hands, specifically after and before ingesting food.
  4. Get a habit of covering your nose with mouth while sneezing and coughing, use disposable wipes for this or a bent elbow.
  5. Treat your hands using alcohol-containing antiseptics. Do not ever touch anything on your face, with your unwashed hands.
  6. Disinfect the room, make sure your house and workplace are clean, and regularly ventilate the room.
  7. Clean and sterilize exteriors touchedevery day. The typical virus carriers are keyboards, phones, sinks, and handles.
  8. If you’ve got an opportunity to work from home, it is better not to visit the office.
  9. It is better to walk in the Park, where it is not crowded. Keep the distance in the queues.

 Frequently Asked Questions

1. How to treat the disease?

So far, no cure has been found. The World Health Organization has not confirmed any medication that would guarantee protection from the epidemic. As stated by WHO, there will be no vaccine obtainable in the next 2-3 years. But patients are treated in the same way as for other acute respiratory viral ailments (ARVI), to be exact, treatment methods are symptomatic.

2. Should everyone be tested for infection?

Not every person needs to be tested for the COVID-19 case.

3. Are antibiotics an effective means of avoiding and treating a novel virus infection?

No, antibiotics are not effective against viruses. They only allow you to treat bacteriological infections. The new disease (2019-nCoV) is a virus, and hence antibiotics can not be used to prevent and treat the pandemic.

4. What should I do if somebody from my family gets sick?

Stay self-isolated when infected by the virus, excluding for necessity to get medicinal care.

The majority of sufferers who get tested COVID-19 positive will get treatment at home.